Request an Appointment

Periodontal Disease Treatment in Idaho Falls, ID

Simpson Family Dentistry provides the most gentle and advanced treatment options for periodontal disease. Call us today and we’ll be delighted to answer all of your questions, 208-529-0999

Before and after periodontal disease treatment in Idaho Falls, ID

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal Disease is a general tem used to describe diseases that affect the gums and supporting bone and tissue. Periodontal diseases are among the most common chronic disorders that have plagued humans for centuries. Ancient Egyptian and Chinese artifacts describe the disease and its affects and treatment. In the 19th century the disease became known as Pyorrhea, a term that denotes pus, pockets, loss of bone, and loss of teeth. It was thought to be inevitable and part of the aging process.

More recently, periodontal disease has assumed an even greater importance because of its association with heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and preterm, low birth weight babies. Diabetes can be complicated by periodontal disease.

The good news is: periodontal disease is now treatable and preventable. Because of his total care philosophy, Dr. Simpson and his staff of Dental Hygienists are experts at assessing and treating early and moderate disease. Through our prescribed treatment and professional cleaning, many patients who have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, now enjoy strong, healthy teeth and gums. 

Many children and adults alike have learned to prevent periodontal disease and can expect excellent dental health throughout their lives.

How would I know if I had periodontal disease?

It is possible to have periodontal disease without apparent symptoms.  That’s why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important.

Warning Signs

If you notice any of the following, see your dentist:

  • gums that bleed easily
  • red, swollen, or tender gums
  • gums that have pulled away from your teeth
  • persistent bad breath
  • pus between the teeth and gums
  • loose or separating teeth
  • a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • a change in the fit of partial dentures

Causes

The mouth is filled with countless bacteria.  Periodontal disease begins when certain bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on the teeth and the surfaces lining the mouth) produce toxins and enzymes that irritate the gums and cause inflammation.  The resulting inflammation, which may be painless, can damage the attachment of the gums and bone to the teeth.

Good oral hygiene – brushing twice a day and flossing or using another interdental cleaner once a day – helps reduce the plaque film.  Plaque that is not removed regularly can harden  into rough deposits called calculus, or tartar.  Tartar is not the main cause of periodontal diseases, but the pores in tartar hold bacteria and toxins, which are impossible to remove even with regular brushing.  Once the hardened tartar forms, it can only be removed when teeth are cleaned at the dental office.

The periodontal-systemic disease interrelationships

Tooth loss is not the only potential problem posed by periodontal diseases.  Research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal diseases and other health concerns such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, and increased risk during pregnancy.  Researchers are trying to determine if bacteria and inflammation associated with periodontal diseases play a role in affecting these systemic diseases and conditions.

Are you at risk for Periodontal disease?

  • People who smoke or chew tobacco are more likely to have periodontal diseases. Periodontal Treatment is also less successful if the patient continues to smoke.
  • Those who suffer from systemic diseases such as diabetes, blood cell disorders, HIV infections, and AIDS are more likely to suffer from severe periodontal diseases due to their weakened immune system.
  • Many medications- such as steroids, cancer therapy drugs, blood pressure drugs and oral contraceptives- can effect the gums. 

  • Crooked, crowded teeth or fillings that have become defective may hold plaque in place, increasing the risk of periodontal disease.
  • Puberty, Pregnancy & oral contraceptives change the body's hormone levels, which can cause gum tissue to become sensitive to toxins, accelerating the growth of bacteria.
  • As always, genetics play a role. Some patients will be predisposed to periodontal disease and tooth loss. 
  • Research suggests that bacteria causing periodontal disease may be passed through saliva.

Types of Periodontal Diseases

Gingivitis

The mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily. Little to no discomfort. Reversible with professional treatment and good oral care.

Chronic Periodontitis

Inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth. Patients experience progressive loss of tissue attachment & bone. Attachment usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.

Aggressive Periodontitis

Highly destructive form of periodontal disease that occurs in patients who are otherwise healthy. Rapid loss of tissue attachment and destruction of bone.

Periodontitis

Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases. Patients who have rare but specified blood diseases of genetic disorders frequently show signs of periodontal diseases.

Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases

Infections characterized by necrosis (death) if gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.  These lesions are most commonly associated with pain, bleeding, bad a foul odor. 

How Can I Prevent Periodontal Disease?

  • Brush Teeth 2x day
  • Floss between teeth 1 x day
  • Use Fluoride Toothpaste
  • Eat a Balanced Diet & Limit Sugar Intake
  • Visit Dentist Regularly for Professional Cleaning
  • Stop Unhealthy Tobacco Habits